• ਮੰਗਲਾਚਰਨ

Four types of Lovers- Guru Gobind Singh


The following translation is of the Dasam Granth commentary published by Baba Teja Singh Ji Nihang Singh Mahiron Vale, under the title, Dasam Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Shiromani Steek, on page 80 of volume two. The commentary was written by Giani Isher Singh Ji Ramgharia Ropar.


ਅਥ ਚਤੁਰ ਪੁਰਖ ਭੇਦ ਕਥਨੰ ॥

Now begins the discussion regarding the markers of differences between the four types of persons.


ਨਰ ਏਕ ਅਕੀਨ ਹੀ ਪ੍ਰੀਤ ਕਰੈ ਇਕ ਕੀਨ ਕਰੈ ਇਕ ਕੀਨ ਜੁ ਜਾਨੈ ॥

There is one type of person who would love all, he does not look at whether he is being loved reciprocally or not. With one viewpoint they look upon all, just like Bhai Ghanaeya who loved all even if they were his enemy, these type of people are called 1) The Utmost Highest Person.

There is another type of person who only loves those who reciprocate their love, and no one else. These type of people are called, 2) The Mediocre Person.


ਏਕਨ ਪ੍ਰੀਤ ਕੇ ਭੇਦ ਜਨੈ ਜੋਉ ਪ੍ਰੀਤਿ ਕਰੈ ਅਰ ਕੈ ਤਿਹ ਮਾਨੈ ॥

There is another person who does not reciprocate love even when they acknowledge and understand they are being bestowed with love. This type of mindset is represented in the 3) Low Person.


ਸੋ ਨਰ ਮੂੜ ਬਿਖੈ ਕਹੀਐ ਜਗ ਜੌ ਨਰ ਰੰਚ ਨ ਪ੍ਰੀਤ ਪਛਾਨੈ ॥

ਸੋ ਚਰਚਾ ਰਸ ਕੀ ਤਿਹ ਭਾਂਤ ਸੁ ਗ੍ਵਾਰਨੀਆਂ ਸੰਗ ਕਾਨ੍ਹ ਬਖਾਨੈ ॥509॥

There are other people who do not understand when they are being loved. Those who may be trying to love this type of person are mistakenly taken for an enemy. This type of mindset is represented in the 4th) Vile Person. That person who doesn't understand love even a tiny bit, that person the world calls a fool.

In this way, Krishna in the company of the Gopis, discusses love.


- ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨਾਵਤਾਰ, ਦਸਮ ਗੁਰੂ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ

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