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Guru Gobind Singh's Afternoon Routine



The esteemed historian Giani Gian Singh [1822-1921] recounts Guru Gobind Singh's afternoon routine while staying at Anandpur Sahib below:


ਛਕਿ ਪ੍ਰਸ਼ਾਦ ਸੁਖ ਆਸਨ ਹੋਵੈਂ । ਢਰੇ ਦਿਵਸ ਪੁਨ ਉਠੈਂ ਅਲੋਵੈਂ ।

ਛਕਿ ਅਫੀਮ ਸੁੱਖਾ ਸਰਦਾਈ । ਚਢਿ ਤੁਰੰਗ ਗੁਰੁ ਸਹਿ ਸਮੁਦਾਈ ।142।

After eating lunch the Guru would nap and awake in the early afternoon. Consuming opium and a cannabis drink, the Guru would mount his horse, alongside with his warriors.


ਤਟ ਸਤਲੁਜ ਉਪਬਨ ਮੈਂ ਜਾਵੈਂ । ਸੌਚ ਕ੍ਰਿਯਾ ਕਰਿ ਤਰੈਂ ਦ੍ਰਯਾਵੈਂ ।

ਹਾਸ ਬਿਲਾਸ ਅਨਿਕਧਾ ਕਰਿ ਕੈ । ਆਯੁਧ ਪਾਕ ਪੁਸ਼ਾਕ ਸੁਧਰ ਕੈ ।143।

They would ride out to the riverbanks of the Satluj river, near a grove they would bathe in the shallow river. Laughing and chatting about all sorts of things while adorning themselves with weapons and new clean clothes.


ਆਇ ਸਭਾ ਮੈਂ ਪੁਨਾ ਬਿਰਾਜੈਂ । ਸਿੱਖਨ ਕੋ ਸੁਖ ਦੈਂਹ ਦਰਾਜੈਂ ।

ਆਏ ਹੋਂਹਿ ਜੁ ਗੁਨੀ ਬਿਦੇਸੀ । ਸੁਨਿ ਗੁਨਿ ਮਾਨ ਦਾਨ ਦੈਵੇਸੀ ।144।

They would then [come back to Anandpur] and join the congregation, bestowing great happiness to his Sikhs. Whichever foreign scholar had come to Anandpur, the Guru then listened to their knowledge before giving them great respect and charity.


ਧਰਮ ਜੁੱਧ ਜਿਨ ਪੂਰਬ ਕੀਨੇ । ਸੁਨੈ ਢਾਢੀਅਨ ਤੈ ਮੁਦ ਭੀਨੇ ।

ਕਰੈਂ ਬਿਦਾ ਤਿਨ ਅਨਗਨ ਧਨ ਦੈ । ਜੁੱਧ ਕਰਨ ਚਾਹੈਂ ਤਨ ਮਨ ਦੈ ।145।

Following this they would drench themselves in the delight of listening to previous stories of righteous warfare [dharamyudh] sung by the Dhadhis. The Guru would send them off after giving countless patronage to the Dhadhis, who had arisen the desire to warfare in all the listeners.


[ਨਵੀਨ] ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੁ ਪੰਥ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ [1880 CE], ਪੂਰਬਾਰਧ ਬਿਸ੍ਰਾਮ 56, ਕ੍ਰਿਤ: ਗਿਆਨੀ ਗਿਆਨ ਸਿੰਘ

[Naveen] Sri Guru Panth Prakash [1880 CE], Volume 3, page 1485, author: Giani Gian Singh


Painting Guru Gobind Singh, from 1835 - Toor Collection

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