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Lineage and Shastarvidiya - Panth Prakash

Naveen Panth Prakash [Naveen means newer] is written by Giani Gian Singh Ji who comes from the Nirmala Sikh order, and was written in 1880 CE. This is not to be confused with Pracheen Panth Prakash [Pracheen means older] by Rattan Singh Bhangu which was written in 1804. Giani Gian Singh Ji's works are very famous in the Sikh Historical books, and it is the same book in which we first find the shabad, "Sab Sikhan Ko Hukam Hai, Guru Maniyo Granth".

The following quotes deal with the Khalsa's lineage [Jaat] and some of the Rehat given to the Khalsa.

ਜਾਂ ਦਿਨ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਛਕਤ ਯਹਿ, ਰਹਤ ਨ ਪਿਛਲੀ ਜਾਤਿ ।

On that day when you take Amrit [Khandey Di Pahul], the commandment is that you do not have a previous Caste.

ਜ੍ਯੋਂ ਭ੍ਰਿੰਗੀ ਹ੍ਵੈ ਕੀਟ ਤੈ, ਤ੍ਯੋਂ ਸਿਖ ਹ੍ਵੈ ਗੁਰੁ ਜਾਤਿ ॥ ੨੪ ॥

In the same way a Bhringi, which transforms a [low] insect into a beautiful butterfly, a Sikh turns [beautiful] and adopts the Gurus Caste.

ਸੂਰਜ ਬੰਸੀ ਦਸਮ ਗੁਰੁ, ਛੱਤ੍ਰੀ ਭਏ ਪ੍ਰਸਿੱਧ ।

The Tenth Guru is from the Suraj Bans [Lineage], the famous Kshatriya caste.

*Suraj Bans refers to how Guru Gobind Singh Ji's lineage traces back to Ram Chandra's lineage.

ਯਾਹੀਂ ਤੇ ਸਭਿ ਖਾਲਸਾ, ਛੱਤ੍ਰੀ ਬਰਣ ਅਬਿੱਧ॥੨੫ ॥

In this way all the Khalsa turn into one [caste] of Kshastriya.

[Naveen Panth Prakash, pg. 1581, Vol. 3]

Later on in Naveen Panth Prakash, Giani Gian Singh mentions some of the Rehat that was given to the Khalsa Singhs.

ਪਾਹੁਲ ਖੰਡੇ ਕੇਰ ਛਜੱਈਏ । ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਬਿਦ੍ਯਾ ਸਬੈ ਸਿਖੱਈਏ ।

Take Khandey Di Pahul and all should learn Shastar Bidiya [the science of arms].

ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਕੀ ਫਤੇ ਗਜੱਈਏ । ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਬਸਤ੍ਰ ਤਨ ਸਜਵੱਈਏ ॥੪੦॥

Chant Vahiguru Ki Fateh [The victory is the Lords], and adorn yourself with weapons and clothes.

ਸਿਖ੍ਯਾ ਜੰਗ ਕਰਨ ਕੀ ਦੱਈਏ । ਸਿੰਘ ਨਾਮ ਇਨਿ ਕੇ ਰਖਵੱਈਏ ।

Give the teachings of how to wage war, in this way you shall retain the name Singh.

ਗਾਥ ਬੀਰ ਰਸ ਸੀ ਸੁਨਵੱਈਏ ।

Listen to the stories which inspire 'Bir Ras' [warrior spirit].

[Naveen Panth Prakash, pg. 1571, Vol. 3]

Again Giani Gian Singh mentions the Rehat that was told to the Singhs.

ਖੇਲੈਂ ਨਿੱਤ ਸ਼ਿਕਾਰ ਬਨਨ ਮੈਂ, ਮਾਰਿ ਮ੍ਰਿਗ ਬਹੁ ਖਾਵੈ ।

Always partake in hunting, [practice] killing deer and then eat your hunt.

ਘੋੜਨ ਪਰ ਅਸਵਾਰ ਹੋਇ ਕਰਿ, ਸਜ ਕੈ ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਸਾਰੇ ।

Ride horses and wear all sorts of weapons.

ਸ਼ਸਤ੍ਰ ਬ੍ਯਿਾ ਸੀਖ ਸਿਖਾਵੈਂ, ਜਪੈ ਅਕਾਲ ਅਕਾਲੇ ।

Learn Shastar Bidya [the science of Arms], and chant Akaal Akaal

[Naveen Panth Prakash, pg. 1589, Vol. 3]

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