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Why Didn't Guru Hargobind write Gurbani






In Gurbilas Patshahi Chhevi [1720], Guru Hargobind is asked by Bhai Jetha whether he will write Bani and the response prophesizes Guru Tegh Bahadur's Shahidi before including a portion describing how Guru Gobind Singh reacted when all the Sikhs in Delhi stayed quiet after Guru Tegh Bahadur's execution, the Guru powerfully proclaimed:⁣

ਐਸੀ ਪੰਥ ਅਬਹਿ ਪ੍ਰਗਟਾਵੌ । ਬੀਚ ਸਹੰਸ ਨਹ ਏਕ ਛਪਾਵੌ । ਐਸੀ ਮੁਹਰ ਸੀਸ ਤਿਨ ਧਾਰਉਂ । ਸਯੋ ਸਯਾਲਨ ਮਹਿ ਸਿੰਘ ਵਿਚਾਰਉਂ ।384।⁣

"I will create such a Panth that amongst thousands they won't be hidden. I will place such a stamp on their heads [that they will stand out], like a tiger roaming amongst jackals."⁣

ਐਸੇ ਕਹਿ ਦਸਵੇਂ ਗੁਰੁ ਕਮਲ ਬਦਨ ਕਰ ਫੇਰ । ਐਸੇ ਪੰਥ ਪਰਗਟ ਕੀਓ ਤੁਰਕ ਮਾਰ ਲੈ ਘੇਰ ।385।⁣

Such was said by the lotus-like mouth of the Tenth Guru, and He did create such a Panth which encircled and killed the Turks.⁣

ਪੁਨ ਮਾਲਵ ਧਰ ਜਾਇ ਕੈ ਕਾਂਸ਼ੀ ਤਹਾਂ ਬਨਾਇ । ਨਾਮ ਧਰਿਓ ਤਿੰਹ ਦਮਦਮਾ ਮੁਕਤਿ ਭੁਗਤਿ ਫਲਦਾਇ ।386।⁣

Then the Guru [after creating the Khalsa] would go Malwa and create a Kanshi [learning institution] there, which he placed the name Damdama Sahib, which would radiate liberation and material wealth.⁣

ਤਹਾਂ ਆਦਿ ਗੁਰੁ ਗ੍ਰਿੰਥ ਉਚਾਰੋ । ਨਵਮ ਗੁਰੂ ਬਾਨੀ ਸੰਗ ਧਾਰੋ । ਉਣਸਠ ਸਬਦ ਸਲੋਕ ਸਤਵੰਜਾ । ਪੜੈ ਵੈਰਾਗ ਲਹੈ ਹਤ ਡੰਜਾ ।387।⁣

There the Guru would recite the Adi [Guru] Granth, including the Bani of the Ninth Guru, a total of 59 [shabads in raags] and 57 [saloks], which by reading dispassion arises, leading to a disdain of the world. ⁣

ਦਮਦਮਾ ਕਾਂਸ਼ੀ ਸਮ ਦੁਖ ਖੋਵੈ । ਬਹੁ ਬੁਧ ਸੁਧ ਲਿਖਾਰੀ ਹੋਵੈ । ਬੀੜ ਦਮਦਮੀ ਜਗ ਪ੍ਰਗਟਾਵੌ । ਪੜੇ ਲਿਖੇ ਸੋ ਜਨਮ ਨ ਆਵੈ ।388।⁣

Damdama Sahib will be equal to Kanshi [Banaras], dispelling all pain, and a great number of intellectually pure and sharp scribes will be trained. The Damdami Bir will become known across the world, and those who write and read it will not born again. ⁣

ਤੁਮਰੇ ਬਚ ਬਾਣੀ ਕਰੂੰ ਨਵਮ ਗੁਰੂ ਅਸ ਧਾਰ । ਦੁਤੀ ਗ੍ਰਿੰਥ ਰਚ ਛੰਦ ਮਹਿਂ ਦਸਮ ਨਾਮ ਨਿਰਧਾਰ ।389।⁣

[Guru Hargobind responding to Jetha says] "Your request to me that I should write Gurbani, I will write when I manifest in the Ninth Guru [finalizing Adi Guru Granth]. A second Granth will also be written in Chhand metres, which shall be known as Dasam [Guru Granth]."⁣

Gurbilas Patshahi Chevi [1720], Bhagat Singh

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